THE ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE

Before, during and immediately after the big bang

In the Origin of the Universe, we are going to talk about imperceptible phenomena that turn out to be no less real than the energy and matter in space-time. Energy can be quantified, distances in the universe can be expressed in terms of time in relation to the speed of light. An important discovery was that energy, in the form of vibrations and other wave movements, contains information. Since this millennium, energy and information has been better understood and processed through the refinement of digital methods. According to the standard curriculum, the big bang was a manifestation of energy and – according to the latest insights – a manifestation of information. This realization forces us to look at the Big Bang differently than we are used to. 

The idea that our universe originated from a point was first suggested in 1927 by the Belgian cosmologist George Lemaître. He regarded that point as a primordial atom. Where did that atom came from? That problem was skillfully bypassed in 1948 by physicists George Camov and Ralph Alpher, introducing it as a singularity in the hot big bang theory. The concept of singularity is an outgrowth of General Relativity and is usually described as an infinitesimal volume of infinite density, so an abstraction, but at the same time it turned out to be more than just an abstraction, it contained a specific condition, namely; a potential for creating a universe. According to the standard curriculum, the big bang singularity, which had appeared out of nowhere without a cause, spewed out the energy that gave rise to our universe and allowed it to develop. This theory became the standing paradigm from the 1960s onwards. Not everyone was cheering about it, and since the new millennium criticism has increased. 

Information Cosmology
The Big Bang was not only a thermodynamic event, but also the expression of information. The word information has several meanings, mostly used in relation to a specific context. Delimitation of the word is therefore necessary. Information comes from the Latin word informare. The classical use of the word informare refers to to form, to instruct, to shape. In today’s language, information is mainly related to data and knowledge. Here I use information in two ways: on the one hand in the context that information leads to knowledge, on the other hand in the context of the formation of objects and structures. Information obtained from energetic frequencies (wavelengths) has provided the knowledge that allows us to broadly understand what is going on in the universe, and to understand how particles and forces have shaped (and form) the objects and structures that we observe in space-time.

According to inflation theory, mere radiation began to compact into fractionally charged quarks from between 10-35 and 10-32 seconds after the Big Bang. A quark-gluon plasma was formed. Between 10-10 and 10-6 seconds after the Big Bang, protons formed – always per three quarks. Protons are the most stable particles imaginable, despite the fact that they consist of several quarks. But how could the big bang-singularity, which erupted immediately in the Big Bang, contain the energy-information that created protons within a second? Did that all happen out of absolutely nothing? How could information out of nothing have led to the formation of objects and systems? Information from nothing is a contradiction. The structure and fabric of the universe indicate that the energy-information that underlies it cannot have arisen spontaneously from nothing. So where did the energy-information of the universe come from? If you study today’s cosmological and quantum mechanical theories[1] about the origin of the universe, a picture emerges of a causal beginning, but in the zeitgeist of the 1960s it was decided that the big bang energy would have appeared without a cause. With today’s cosmological and quantum mechanical knowledge, however, we know that there is more than can be measured. For example, black holes can be observed up to a point, up to the event horizon, but not beyond it. The same applies to the big bang singularity, one can theoretically look back to the big bang moment, but not observe what caused the big bang singularity and what took place in it. According to one of the theories, the big bang manifestation was initially an explosion of infinitely many particle–antiparticle pairs. Due to the prevailing heat, the particle-antiparticle pairs immediately collided, causing them to annihilate. The theorists argue that out of every billion particle-antiparticle pairs, an ordinary particle remained. When the mutual annihilations were completed, only a billionth remained. According to this conceptualization, our universe started out with a billion times more (virtual) energy than was ultimately left behind. 

After a decade-long battle between the big bang theory and Fred Hoyle’s rival cosmic Steady Stade Model[2], in the 1960s the choice fell definitively on the big bang theory, which was based on a spontaneously appearing point on the Planck length, where the universe in a flash would have emerged. But why the paradox of ‘nothing but something’? Was there a fear that if the universe had emerged from a pre-existing state form, a god would also be presented with it? Or did their own scientific dogmas stand in the way, because the maxim is; that which cannot be measured falls outside of physics. But that too cannot be the correct explanation because quantum mechanics has rendered that once sacred maxim out of action. Or was it just a practical decision, along the lines of ‘what we don’t know now, we’ll decipher later’. We now live in a universe with 74% dark energy and 21% dark matter whose origin and natural nature are unknown. We live in a universe with constant virtual activity at the quantum level of the spacetime. Science remains in the dark about where all this comes from. But with today’s knowledge it can no longer be maintained that the universe came into existence without a cause. How can the evolution of the universe, with its fundamental laws, with more than forty constants, a series of quantum numbers, with a universal Higgs charge and with billions of galaxies, be coincidental? How could a constant movement be coincidental at all? How could a homogeneous, super-ordered and coherent universe have come into existence by chance? In addition, cosmology has established that at every stage of cosmic evolution there was more going on than just a Darwinian course of chance; of trial and error. If the universe didn’t come from nothing, then where did it come from?

Cosmic Evolution
Biological evolution is often used as an example to indicate the course of cosmic evolution, but there is a big difference. Biological evolution proceeds through cyclical information transfer. Biological information (DNA) is stored in the cell nucleus. The information is continued through reproduction. However, cosmology lacks the concept of a cosmic ‘DNA’. At least in cosmology no place is designated where cosmic ‘DNA’ is stored. Since biological life (has) developed step by step through information transfer, it is strange and asymmetrical that cosmic evolution should proceed without information transfer. Since biological DNA is part of cosmic evolution as a whole, why not, based on Noëthers theorem, assume an underlying symmetry. Just as biological evolution develops through a cyclic, but a constant ongoing process – in which information is always stored and subsequently expressed again – the same can apply to cosmic evolution. We know from biology that information is stored on a very small length scale. With regard to the universe, the cosmic information can be stored on an even smaller scale or perhaps in a more abstract way. Is there a place for that? Yes, there is. 

Big Bang Singularity
In the big bang theory and in the inflation theory, the cause of the origin of the big bang singularity is not explained. And all the theories formulated since then offer no satisfactory explanation for the origin of the big bang singularity, nor for what that singularity was, nor for the energy-information that resulted from it. It’s mysterious enough what created the Big Bang energy, but even more mysterious is that the energy that came out contained information. On the basis of the big bang theory and nucleosynthesis, we take another look at the origin of the universe. As mentioned before, according to science, the universe originated from a spaceless point. However, the big bang singularity is different from singularity in black holes. The force of gravity pulls energy and matter into the core of black holes, causing them to become trapped, while – according to the big bang theory – all the energy of the universe would have originated from the big bang singularity. Another difference is that black holes are phenomena in spacetime itself, while the big bang singularity was a state form that preceded it. For that last reason alone, science should have allowed the big bang singularity to appear from an actual – but unknown – state form, rather than from nothing. 

The proposition that all the energy of our universe originated from a point on Planck’s length leaves no room for the actual presence of energy at that point. Just as there is no bark in a dog, there was no energy in the big bang singularity[3]. Energy, at least what is understood by energy in physics, arose after the breaking of the big bang singularity. If there was no actual energy in the big bang singularity, then what was? This question leads us to the question of where the big bang singularity came from. If indeed in a flash (10-43 seconds) a point at the Planck length (10-33 cm) arose, which immediately turned into the big bang, then that point has nothing to do with what is understood by singularity in physics. What can be distilled as a more accurate description from the theories is that the big bang singularity was a virtual moment in which no movement (energy) was present. The big bang was the moment when the virtual energy-information (potencies), which together formed the big bang singularity, simultaneously and instantaneously transformed into energetic stimuli, creating a quark-gluon plasma. Physics searched in vain for the cause of the big bang within the framework of space-time. But the cause of the big bang was a continuation of the cause of the big bang singularity, a virtual event beyond the confines of spacetime. Because no energy was present in the big bang singularity, it can be deduced that no energy was present in the state form from which the big bang singularity originated.This means that the energy-information of our universe in the ‘precosmic’ state form could be there only as a potential. Therefore, I describe the ‘precosmic’ state form as an energy-information potential, being an abstract state form. 

Even more virtual activities
Quantum mechanics describes quarks as fractionally charged, super energetic particles, to which a series of quantum numbers apply. At the same time, imperceptibly rapid color force changes take place between the quarks, in the protons. But what caused mere energy to compact into discrete quark fields immediately after the big bang, and what caused them to be (and continue to be) subsequently conserved, science doesn’t explain. However, observations with the Large Hadron Collider show that a lot of virtual activity takes place in protons. The physicist Matt Strassler argues that if you want to understand the inside of a proton you need to add a sentence in addition to the general description of the complex quark fields and the different color forces charges; “To make it correct you need to add the phrase, plus zillions of gluons and zillions of quark-antiquark pairs”.[4] Strassler thus refers to a more complex event than what is generally taught. According to string theory, the quark fields contain vibrating strings, which determine the formation of future objects and structures. How could all this be a coincidence? 

Conservation of energy
According to the first law of thermodynamics, energy cannot appear from nothing, but according to cosmology, all the energy of our universe appeared from nothing. Another contradiction is that, according to physics, particles, such as protons, remain eternally stable, despite constantly emitting energy. Physics ignores this problem by opting for the magic of a perpetual motion machine. But why choose magic when quantum mechanics has a solution? According to quantum mechanics, particle-antiparticle annihilation constantly creates new energetic stimuli at every point in spacetime. This is described as follows: the time of the appearance and disappearance of particle-antiparticle pairs consists of an interval which, however short it may be, is equal to a wavelength (=energy-information). Despite the rather abstract formulation, it is observed at the quantum level that energy is actually added to space-time.
In the Origin of the Universe, I describe the mechanism by which virtual particles appear at the quantum level of spacetime. In essence, it comes down to the same mechanism that created the Big Bang singularity and caused it to discharge (Big Bang). It is also the same mechanism by which energy is conserved. The kinetic energy of particles is not conserved spontaneously by itself, but by constant virtual contributions at every point in space-time. If the energy that started the universe had been preserved forever on its own, then the information would also have remained unchanged since the Big Bang. But the cosmic evolution manifests itself as a continuous development of E=mc2, with the information contained therein (informare) for the formation of ever new cosmic objects and structures. The problem in science is that it is primarily based on the kinetic energy of particles, instead of the information that makes up the energy. 

Now we have distinguished two state forms: 1. The state form of our universe as an energetic event. 2. The state form from which that energetic event originated. Because the virtual constant (VC)[5] acts constantly on space-time, they form the two sides of a coin at the most elementary level. But it is an ultra-dynamic coin, of which one side is spaceless (= timeless) and the other expressive (E=mc2).
Because the VC (virtual constant) results constantly with the Field of the universe, its effects in space-time can be observed. For example, through the way in which particles form into increasingly complex objects and structures, even though we do not see what caused the underlying information (informare) and through which it is ‘controlled’. There are sufficient indications to state that the information in particles and between particles themselves is not coincidental, but that there is an underlying order, which unfolds like a kind of cosmic blueprint. For example, if we look at the energetic fields of the quarks, or at the protons that are made up of three quarks, or at the interactions between the quarks and the gluons, or between the three quarks themselves, or at the interactions between the protons and the neutrons, or between the protons and the electrons in atomic space; in all cases there is an unimaginable amount of ordering going on, which kicked in within a fraction of a second after the big bang.
Quantum mechanics has modeled the fundamental forces of nature in symmetries and described the working of the forces in detail. But what keeps the kinetic energy of the forces invariant is unknown. We don’t know what caused the infinite variation of the energetic micro and macro fields in the universe. We don’t even know what energy is, said American physicist Richard Feynman: “It is important to realize that in physics today, we have no knowledge what energy is.” [6] The fact that we don’t know what energy actually is is because we don’t know what caused the Big Bang. But instead of insisting that everything came into existence without a cause and that the quarks in the hadrons move forever without a cause, many agonizing cosmological questions can be immediately solved by assuming a precosmic cause. So, by realizing that the universe did not come out of nothing, but in a virtual quantum mechanical way from an energy information potential.

What else can be deduced?
For several decades now, there has been a debate about whether our universe is unique or whether multiple universes exist. In addition to philosophizing about a multiverse, there are also scientists who return to the idea of ​​an infinite universe. In the string theories, the universe is described, among other things, as a brane. Our universe brane would be just one of many; all universe branes together form an (infinite) multiverse. With the assumption of a multiverse, the question about the origin of our universe is stretched to the question of what could have caused a multiverse. In the face of a supposed multiplicity – universes -, the idea that they all appeared out of nowhere is no longer tenable. If there really is a multiverse, then universes will have existed when our universe came into existence and will still exist when ours comes to an end. The idea that nothing existed before our universe came into being 13.8 billion years ago, and that nothing will exist when it comes to an end, is hereby expired.
If our universe were unique, then that situation would be less complex than assuming a multiverse. A multiverse requires an additional ordering ‘element’ that ensures that the different universes form a multiverse. But whether there is a unique universe or a multiverse, the primordial question of where the one universe – or the multiverse – came from remains the same. Assuming a multiverse, of which universes are temporarily part, indicates a cyclical event, which also indicates that universes do not appear out of nowhere. Because we cannot observe what caused the universe, we are dealing with an invisible state form (O), which I described earlier as an energy-information potential. In short: The space-time (M) and the unknown potential (O) form an inseparable unit: 0M [7],[8]. This means that what we observe, such as stars, planets and the great structures, is determined not only within the boundaries of our universe (M), but also by a reality that knows no boundaries (O). 

Cosmic order
The energy information with which the universe began is described and interpreted in various ways. The big bang energy is usually presented as mere radiation. Ever since it was realized that the radiation that started the Big Bang contained information, immediately creating complex structures, scientists have attributed alternative qualifications to the universe, such as cosmic consciousness, intelligence or – matrix.
Using the word consciousness in relation to cosmic evolution is problematic, because the word has metaphysical interpretations, but mainly refers to the ability of people to be self-conscious, to perceive consciously, to think and to remember. The word intelligence used for the cosmic order is also not without problems, because intelligence has a spectrum of meanings. Used in relation to cosmic evolution, for example, it refers to an underlying universal order, as science observes in cosmic architecture and systems construction in the universe. In biology, for example, intelligent-looking processes are observed everywhere. According to systems biologists, biological information transfer occurs five hundred thousand times faster than the conscious and thinking intelligence of humans is capable of.
The thinking and reasoning intelligence of people is only a fraction of the ‘overall intelligence’ of the own biological system. Every cell in our body reproduces, learns, remembers and adapts to new circumstances. The course of all this can be regarded as super-intelligent, but from the quantum to the macro level of biology everything proceeds according to fixed patterns. The same goes for the universe as a whole. From the formation of the first particles to the formation of star walls, billions of light-years long, everything evolves along discrete constants and invariant laws, which, despite their exact course, are reminiscent of a cosmic ‘blueprint’. 

In the ‘Origin of the Universe’, I describe the supposed cosmic ‘blueprint’ as an energy-information potential; a state form that is imperceptible (O), as information is abstract (O) until it becomes manifest through energy (M). We can also turn it around: The Big Bang was a manifestation of information, with energy being the means of transport. At the smallest length scale, the information flow is highest, and with it the energy level. This way of looking is still underexposed in cosmology, while cosmic evolution shows us nothing else than a permanent manifestation of information through the informare (forming) of complex particles, objects and structures. Energy and information form a unity at the deepest level. Energy without information does not exist, information without energy does not exist. To make that unity clear, I write energy-information with a hyphen. Quarks were the first information transmitters. Protons and electrons are the basic building blocks of matter. Forces hold the field of the universe together, and are part of the informare (formation) of the objects and structures in spacetime. Where the energy-information for assembling and forming the objects and structures in the universe came (and comes) from is unknown, but the exact course of cosmic evolution shows that it came (and comes) from a neutral order, in which there is no place for wanting and wishing, in every way.

The Universe is a Field
Einstein thought of the universe as an energetic field. He described it this way; “We can think of matter as consisting of those regions of space where the field is extraordinarily intense. In this new kind of physics there is no place for both the field and the matter, for the field is the only reality.”[9] The universe is therefore also called Einstein’s Field[10]. It is, with everything that occurs in it, an energetic field, so also where matter is concerned. This has been established quantum mechanically: each particle is an energetic field in itself. All the particles, the space fabric, the objects and structures together form the infinitely complex Field of the universe. Every movement in the Field, up to the Planck length, contains information. Our own biological organism consists of trillions times trillions of unique energetic fields that, despite constantly exchanging energy-information with each other, remain discrete. We are dealing with a reality so complex that it has taken five hundred years of toil, with scientists such as Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Maxwell, Planck, Einstein, Heisenberg, Fermi, Gel-Mann and tens of thousands of other researchers, to discover the cosmic order that started 13.8 billion years ago. It has been observed that cosmic evolution is a neutral happening, a continuation of countless sub-processes with a beginning and an end and again with a new beginning and end, again and again. It has been observed that cosmic evolution is a neutral happening, a continuation of countless sub-processes with a beginning and an end and again with a new beginning and end, again and again. In the investigation into the cause of all this, science encounters its own limits. The immutable (timeless) forces of nature and the constants are seen in science as aspects of space-time itself. It had to be, because according to cosmology nothing would have existed before the big bang. But how could timelessness be an aspect of time-determined space-time? 

A parallel theory
Cosmologists and quantum mechanics regularly refer to Hindu cosmology – whose origins date back to Vedic times – but has remained up to date with scientific cosmology. Hindu cosmology serves as a point of reflection for science, especially about the origin of the universe. For where according to scientific cosmology the universe came into existence without cause, in Hindu cosmology space, time and causality arises from an imperishable reality; referred to as Self (or Brahman); an abstract reality which is the cause of what exists. Within Hinduism, one school of thought sees (the) Self (or Brahman) as an abstract reality, another sees it as a spiritual reality. But whether called abstract or spiritual, both assume a causal beginning of the universe.
The Indian philosopher Shankara (8th century AD) formulated this abstract, or spiritual reality, as follows: ‘It is beyond all opposites, including the opposite of being/non-being. It is beyond or above all determination.  You cannot say that it is ’the one’ or ‘one’, because it also goes beyond that’ [11].
In essence, in Hindu cosmology there is no question of a God-principle or of a conscious cosmic will and doing, but universes follow one another in a law-based order. The universe is considered to be a time-determined expression that has come forth from a timeless cause: from nonbeing (formlessness) the being (the world of form) has come forth. The non-being, however, is opposed to the nothingness from which the universe would have appeared according to science. In Hindu cosmology, all manifestation – including the universe – is a temporary occurrence in a timeless but cyclical progression. When the universe comes to an end, after a period of non-being, a new projection of space, time and causality appears[12]. Each cosmic cycle proceeds from the “seed” of a preceding universe. The cosmology of science recognizes itself in aspects of the course described above, but nevertheless clings to a spontaneous beginning from nothing[13].

The Origin of the Universe
Physics can theoretically penetrate to the Planck length (10-33 cm), but not beyond it. Does this automatically mean that nothing exists beyond that boundary? No, quantum mechanics has established that a virtual world is active beyond the Planck length, causing energy stimuli in spacetime. But the same story here too, according to science, the stimuli appear out of nowhere. In the Origin of the Universe, I attribute the virtual activities on the quantum scale of spacetime to the same state form from which/by which the universe came into existence. On the one hand there is the energy-information potential (O), on the other hand there is the energy-information (M)[14] of the universe. Due to a change in the energy-information condensate, infinite numbers of enegenen (potencies) instantly transformed into active virtual cores, from which virtual energy-information potencies (VC) started to emerge at a constant rate (10-37 sec)[15]. The opposing state forms do not follow one another in succession, but interact instantaneously, so that they form a unity at the deepest level. Earlier I described the opposite state form as a potential, which consists of innumerable energy-information potencies. I call those potencies enegenen. The enegenen contain, in popular terms, the cosmic DNA for the creation of a new universe. In the last chapter I describe how the energy-information potentials transformed in a number of steps in the Field of the universe[16]. In order to form a picture of the theory, I describe the energy-information potential in terms of a condensate.
In short: The enegenen (potencies) that transformed into active virtual cores, from which virtual energy-information stimuli immediately began to emerge, were mini-big bang singularities in their own right. The mini big bang singularities together formed the big bang singularity. The Big Bang was the moment when the virtual stimuli (VC) from the active virtual cores (enegenen) simultaneously and instantaneously transformed into energy-information (movements and vibrations) that shaped spacetime. Even after the Big Bang, the virtual constant (VC) continued to act constantly at every point in spacetime, preserving the universe’s field and allowing everything in it to evolve. The speed at which the stimuli appear (10-37 seconds) corresponds to extremely high energy (i.e., an extremely fast vibration). The stimuli out of the virtual cores immediately formed a discrete energetic field around the virtual cores, causing them to become enclosed. Quantum mechanics can measure the surrounding field – with associated discrete frequencies – but not the virtual core at the center of the particles. If the virtual nuclei were to fall back into the inactive virtual enegenen (potencies) of the condensate, then the virtual constant (VC), and with it the Field of the universe and everything in it, disappears in a flash[17], [18]. 

Finally
The tide is turning. Physics is increasingly realizing that cosmic evolution does not happen by chance. Hawking writes, “The whole history of the natural sciences has been shaped by the gradually growing realization that events do not occur randomly, but reflect some order underlying them, which may or may not be divine in origin.” Hawking remained noncommittal in the realization of an underlying order that cannot be explained. It is of course not a question of whether or not that order bears witness to a divine origin, but that that order is a fact: not a nominal, but a phenomenal reality in itself. It is time to attach consequences to that realization. The quantum mechanical insight teaches us that there is much that cannot be determined by physics, such as the alma mater of the constants and of the continuously progressing cosmic movements that manifest themselves in the formation of exact objects and structures. Because the cause of the universe is unknown, but the universe is a fact, it means that there is an unknown factor that must be taken into account in scientific work. Research lacking this fact as a factor is incomplete. This is especially important in biology and medical science.

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[1] Among other things, from the loop quantum cosmology and the various string theories.
[2] The theory was developed independently in 1948 by Hermann Bondi, Thomas Gold and Fred Hoyle in response to the big big bang theory. In the steady-state model, the density of matter in the expanding universe remains unchanged due to the continuous creation of matter. According to this ‘perfect cosmological principle’ (as Hoyle called it), the universe is homogeneous and isotropic.
[3]  Intended as a nod to the physicist Pauli. Pauli insisted to the critics that neutrally charged particles are formed during beta decay that were not previously present in the atomic nucleus: “just as there is no bark in a dog.” Theparticles Pauli was referring to are the neutrinos.
[4]  Matt Strassler, Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, High Energy Theory Group, 2010.
[5]  The virtual constant (VC) is a state form that precedes E=mc2. The virtual constant provides a constant virtual flow.
[6]  Richard Feynman; The Feynman Lectures on Physics, 1964-deel I 4-1.
[7]  The in-one sign () between energy and information expresses that it is not about and and, but about an
inseparable unit. 0M =one whole.
[8]  The moment of creation of the universe is the moment that the energy-information potential (0) – consisting of virtual enegenen – instantaneously transformed into energy-information (=spacetime). The spacetime, with everything in it, is equal to E=mc2. The theory focuses on the following: At any point in spacetime, the virtual constant (VC) provides for the conservation of spacetime and everything in it (E=mc2).
[9]  The moment by which the universe came into existence, is the moment that the energy-information potential (0) – consisting of virtual enegenen – instantaneously transformed into the energy-information of spacetime. Here is spacetime – with everything in it – equal to E=mc2. The theory focuses on the following: At any point in\spacetime, the virtual constant (VC) provides for the conservation of spacetime and for the conservation of everything in it (E=mc2).
[10] I write the Field of the universe with a capital F to distinguish it from the myriad subfields that makes it up.
[11]  Mukhyananda, S: Hinduism, the Eternal Dharma, an Evolutionary an Historical Perspective, blz.30. Published by Belur Math, Howrah West Bengal 711 202. Second Edition, 2000.
[12]  From the moment of creation to the disappearance and re-creation of a universe covers a period of 300 billion years. This cycle is called a Kalpa. Each new Kalpa contains the evolution information from a previous Kalpa. (Mukhyananda p.37).
[13]  In science nothing means nothing. It used to be thought that a vacuum was really nothing, but after realizing that virtual activity takes place in the vacuum, it is called a false vacuum.
[14]  I call the constant stream of virtual stimuli from the virtual nuclei the virtual constant (VC); by VC the Field of the universe (= space time and everything in it) is preserved.
[15] Enegenen: Ene comes from the Greek – Enema – meaning “injection” or “submit”; Gene comes from the Greek – Genes – meaning “birth” or “being produced by”. In this context, Ene stands for ‘carriers’ and Genes for ‘potencies. Enegenen are carriers of virtual ‘DNA’. Enegenen are carriers of the virtual “DNA potencies” of a future universe. Enegenen are written in italics, indicating that they are virtual.
[16]  The space quanta at every point (10-33 cm) form a space field, which all together form the field of the Universe.
[17]  For the theory elaborated, I refer to the last chapter of the book the ‘Origin of the Universe’ Some points from the theory listed:
–  From the virtual nuclei ‘flow’ at a constant speed virtual stimuli that are the carriers of the potential energy-information (cosmic DNA) of a future universe.
–  The virtual stimuli immediately transformed into energetic stimuli, which then immediately formed a discrete energy field around the virtual cores.
–  In the field around the virtual cores, the constant stream of energy information stimuli (high vibrations) immediately decreases to the discretion that suits the field in question, the rest of the energy is emitted. The fields that first emerged are quarks.
– Just after the Big Bang, the primordial soup consisted of extremely hot quark fields, with an active virtual core in the center of each quark field, from which virtual stimuli (VC) arose at a constant speed.
 The virtual nuclei (active enegenen) remain inextricably linked to the enegenen condensate, while the energy fields around the virtual nuclei are the measurable part of the quarks.[18]   Stephen Hawking, ‘A Brief History of Time’, p. 152.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.
THE NON-SPACE DIMENSION
Introduction 9
Radiation 10
Cosmic order 13
A blind watchmaker 14
To measure was to know 15
Infinite vs Finite Universe 16
Sorcery 17
The non-space dimension 18
Philosophy of Infinite Progress 19
Enegenen 21
Finally 22
2
THE SPACE DIMENSION
Introduction: Space Philosophy 26
Energy = mc² 29
Invariance (Special Theory of Relativity) 30
Relative positions 32
Space and time are subjective 33
Gravity and star formation 35
Everything is in motion 36
Equivalence between accelerating and attracting 37
Curvature of space-time 38
The energetic space 39
Einstein’s Field: Before and After the Big Bang 40
3
STRUCTURES OF SPACE TIME
Introduction 43
The Great Debate 45
The cosmological constant 46
Expansion of the universe 47
Black Hole Singularity and the Big Bang Singularity 47
Big Bang vs Steady-State Model 48
The demythologizing of Something from Nothing 49
Cosmic microwave background 51
The cosmic inflation theory 53
Inflation model in moments 54
The nucleosynthesis 56
Room structures 58
Dark energy: 74% 59
Dark matter: 21% 60
Background radiation 62
Entropy: order and disorder 63
Open–, Flat– Closed Universe 66
The size of the universe 68
4
UPHOLSTERY OF SPACE TIME
Introduction 69
The order in the universe 69
Spacetime upholstery 70
Quest for the Sun’s Unknown Energy Source 71
The production of elements 73
Position of the Earth 74
Gravity in galaxies 75
The Milky Way 76
Chandrasekhar Limit 78
Neutron stars 79
Neutrinos from supernovas 80
Pulsars /Quasar’s 81
Gamma-ray bursts 83
Black holes 83
Gravity lenses 86
Identifying exoplanets 89
Alien Life 90
Groping in the Dark 91

THE ORIG OF THE UNIVERSE 

5.
THE QUANTUM SPACE
Fields 93
Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics 94
Particle Dualism 98
Wave function of particles 99
Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Relationship 100
Probability Waves 102
Zero point energy/vacuum energy 103
The uncertainty relation vs. virtual particles 104
The virtual sea of Dirac 106
Quantum Aspects 107
Interferences and wave overlaps 108
Quantum state 108
About life and death 110
Distant connectivity vs. hidden variables 111
Slow and instantaneous information transfer 113
Photons: light and heat 114
Einstein’s Field 115
Formation: particles/ objects 116
Is information lost? 117
Gravitational waves and the space dimension 118
Reality of gravitational waves 121
6
THE ENERGETIC SPACE
Introduction 125
Energy ~ Matter 124
Single energy scales 125
Spinning behavior of particles 131
Quantum numbers 131
Particle Physics 133
Electrons and other leptons 135
Neutrinos 136
Conservation Laws 140
The Fundamental Forces of Nature 142
Symmetry of the Fundamental Forces 144
Electric and magnetic fields 145
Protyles and neutrons 149
Great discoveries in the 1930s 149
The ‘discovery’ of  quarks 151
Gluons and Beta Decay 154
Porch of the Higgs Field 155
The Higgs condensate 158
The artificial ‘creation’ of Higgs bosons 161
Problem: Unified Theory 163
Hierarchy problem 164
Fine adjustment 165
Supersymmetry 166
‘Naked’ quarks and ‘naked’ electrons 168
7.
COSMOLOGICAL MODELS
Introduction 173
Hindu cosmology 174
Qi; unknown force 177
String and Super String Theory 180
Critics on String Theory 182
M-theory and branes 182
Multiverse 187
Loop Quantum Cosmology 187
Dark energy as cosmological constant 190
Four cosmological eras 191
Quintessence 192
Dark fluid theory 193
Relative findings 193
A general conceptual framework 194
The spacetime on the Planck scale 196
For reflection 196
8
ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE
Introduction 197
Creation in six seconds 198
Universe, not one without second 200
Cyclic Progress 201
Abstraction of the non-space dimension 203
The Big Bang Transformation Model 204
The transformations in more detail 208
Programming and transport of information 213
The space quantum dimension 214
The Field of the Space Dimension 225
Conservation of photons 216
Asking why is no longer taboo 217
Universal Reality 218
Afterword 221

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